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Author Topic: Extract the tie point positions (u and v)  (Read 8741 times)

mwbm07

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Extract the tie point positions (u and v)
« on: April 09, 2019, 12:17:28 AM »
How to extract the tie point positions (u and v, in pixel)? is it possible for python? What is the process for accessing this information?

Alexey Pasumansky

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Re: Extract the tie point positions (u and v)
« Reply #1 on: April 10, 2019, 03:40:25 PM »
Hello mwbm07,

Please check if the following code gives you the idea how to get the coordinates of the tie points projections on the source images:


Code: [Select]
#compatibility Metashape Pro 1.5.2

from PySide2 import QtGui, QtCore, QtWidgets
import Metashape, time


def var0():
t0 = time.time()

point_cloud = chunk.point_cloud
points = point_cloud.points
npoints = len(points)
projections = chunk.point_cloud.projections
point_proj = [] #list of strings
max_count = 0

app.processEvents()
print("\nScript started ...")
app.processEvents()

point_ids = [-1] * len(point_cloud.tracks)

for point_id in range(0, npoints):
point_ids[points[point_id].track_id] = point_id

for camera in chunk.cameras:
if not camera.type == Metashape.Camera.Type.Regular: #skipping camera track keyframes
continue
if not camera.transform: #skipping NA cameras
continue

for proj in projections[camera]:
track_id = proj.track_id
point_id = point_ids[track_id]
if point_id < 0:
continue
if not points[point_id].valid:
continue

line = "{:s},{:d},{:.2f},{:.2f}".format(camera.label, point_id, proj.coord.x, proj.coord.y)
point_proj.append(line) #or write the line to file
#print(line)


t2 = time.time()
t2 -= t0
t2 = float(t2)

app.processEvents()
print("Script finished in " + "{:.2f}".format(t2) + " seconds.")
app.processEvents()
return point_proj


####
global app, chunk
app = QtWidgets.QApplication.instance()

chunk = Metashape.app.document.chunk
result0  = var0()
print(len(result0))
Best regards,
Alexey Pasumansky,
Agisoft LLC

darkl1ght

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Re: Extract the tie point positions (u and v)
« Reply #2 on: July 02, 2021, 03:25:28 PM »
Hi Alexey,

On the same lines, is it possible to find from and to of those track_id(s)? Like from which camera is the track started, and on which camera it ended, a particular track started and which camera(image) the track ended, the positions(x  and y coordinates) on the source and destination cameras(images). Just like how we are able to visualize on view matches. Attached image of the same.

Is there a code to get that?

Thanks,
Ayush


Alexey Pasumansky

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Re: Extract the tie point positions (u and v)
« Reply #3 on: July 03, 2021, 03:34:50 PM »
Hello Ayush,

Do you mean to get the list of common tie points (with their respective 2D coordinates) for user-defined pair of cameras?
Best regards,
Alexey Pasumansky,
Agisoft LLC

darkl1ght

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Re: Extract the tie point positions (u and v)
« Reply #4 on: July 03, 2021, 04:59:34 PM »
Hi Alexey,

Yes, that is exactly what I am looking for. Currently, it just prints the 2D coordinates on one of the images. But I need it for user-defined pair of cameras OR whatever images have been matched by the Agisoft. (Those that get aligned in the Align Photos and Match photos steps)

Regards,
Ayush

Alexey Pasumansky

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Re: Extract the tie point positions (u and v)
« Reply #5 on: July 17, 2021, 01:19:38 AM »
Hello Ayush,

Please check the following script, that should return the list of 2D vector tuples, representing the projections of common points for the camera pair passed to the function:

Code: [Select]
import Metashape


def get_tie_points(camera1, camera2, chunk):

if not camera1.transform:
Metashape.app.messageBox("Not aligned camera selected.")
return 0
if not camera2.transform:
Metashape.app.messageBox("Not aligned camera selected.")
return 0

projections = chunk.point_cloud.projections
points = chunk.point_cloud.points
tracks = chunk.point_cloud.tracks
npoints = len(points)
point_ids = [-1] * len(chunk.point_cloud.tracks)
for point_id in range(0, npoints):
point_ids[points[point_id].track_id] = point_id
camera_matches_valid = dict()

tie_points = dict()
tie_points[camera1] = dict()
tie_points[camera2] = dict()

for camera in [camera1, camera2]:
T = camera.transform.inv()
calib = camera.sensor.calibration
valid_matches = set()
for proj in projections[camera]:
track_id = proj.track_id
point_id = point_ids[track_id]

if point_id < 0:
continue
if not points[point_id].valid: #skipping invalid points
continue
valid_matches.add(point_id)
tie_points[camera][point_id] = proj.coord

camera_matches_valid[camera] = valid_matches
valid = camera_matches_valid[camera1].intersection(camera_matches_valid[camera2])

tie_point_output = list()
for point_id in valid:
tie_point_output.append((tie_points[camera1][point_id], tie_points[camera2][point_id]))
        if not len(tie_point_output):
                return None
return tie_point_output

chunk = Metashape.app.document.chunk
common_tiepoints = get_tie_points(chunk.cameras[0], chunk.cameras[1], chunk)
Best regards,
Alexey Pasumansky,
Agisoft LLC

xabierr

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Re: Extract the tie point positions (u and v)
« Reply #6 on: April 05, 2023, 02:48:48 AM »
Hi Alexey,

I get the following error:  an unindent does not match any outer indentation level (line 47).

Tried modifying the indentation but still no success.

cheers,

Javier

Paulo

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Re: Extract the tie point positions (u and v)
« Reply #7 on: April 05, 2023, 09:28:26 PM »
Hi xabierr,

try this code where indentation was fixed:
Code: [Select]
import Metashape


def get_tie_points(camera1, camera2, chunk):

if not camera1.transform:
Metashape.app.messageBox("Not aligned camera selected.")
return 0
if not camera2.transform:
Metashape.app.messageBox("Not aligned camera selected.")
return 0

projections = chunk.point_cloud.projections
points = chunk.point_cloud.points
tracks = chunk.point_cloud.tracks
npoints = len(points)
point_ids = [-1] * len(chunk.point_cloud.tracks)
for point_id in range(0, npoints):
point_ids[points[point_id].track_id] = point_id
camera_matches_valid = dict()

tie_points = dict()
tie_points[camera1] = dict()
tie_points[camera2] = dict()

for camera in [camera1, camera2]:
T = camera.transform.inv()
calib = camera.sensor.calibration
valid_matches = set()
for proj in projections[camera]:
track_id = proj.track_id
point_id = point_ids[track_id]

if point_id < 0:
continue
if not points[point_id].valid: #skipping invalid points
continue
valid_matches.add(point_id)
tie_points[camera][point_id] = proj.coord

camera_matches_valid[camera] = valid_matches
valid = camera_matches_valid[camera1].intersection(camera_matches_valid[camera2])

tie_point_output = list()
for point_id in valid:
tie_point_output.append((tie_points[camera1][point_id], tie_points[camera2][point_id]))
if not len(tie_point_output):
return None
return tie_point_output

chunk = Metashape.app.document.chunk
common_tiepoints = get_tie_points(chunk.cameras[0], chunk.cameras[1], chunk)

Note this code is valid for versions 1.8 or lower...
« Last Edit: April 05, 2023, 09:30:03 PM by Paulo »
Best Regards,
Paul Pelletier,
Surveyor

xabierr

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Re: Extract the tie point positions (u and v)
« Reply #8 on: April 05, 2023, 11:24:23 PM »
Thanks so much. Should I be selecting or being asked for a pair of cameras?

Paulo

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Re: Extract the tie point positions (u and v)
« Reply #9 on: April 06, 2023, 01:16:46 AM »
Right now it uses the 1st 2 cameras in project... so you would need to adapt it if you want to use 2 selected cameras....
Best Regards,
Paul Pelletier,
Surveyor

xabierr

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Re: Extract the tie point positions (u and v)
« Reply #10 on: April 11, 2023, 01:41:19 AM »
Thanks that works great.

I have modified the code to write tie points to a csv file, including camera label and date/time:

Code: [Select]
import Metashape
from PyQt5.QtWidgets import QFileDialog
import os

def get_tie_points(camera1, camera2, chunk):

    if not camera1.transform:
        Metashape.app.messageBox("Not aligned camera selected.")
        return 0
    if not camera2.transform:
        Metashape.app.messageBox("Not aligned camera selected.")
        return 0
       
    projections = chunk.point_cloud.projections
    points = chunk.point_cloud.points
    tracks = chunk.point_cloud.tracks
    npoints = len(points)
    point_ids = [-1] * len(chunk.point_cloud.tracks)
    for point_id in range(0, npoints):
        point_ids[points[point_id].track_id] = point_id
    camera_matches_valid = dict()
   
    tie_points = dict()
    tie_points[camera1] = dict()
    tie_points[camera2] = dict()
       
    for camera in [camera1, camera2]:
        T = camera.transform.inv()
        calib = camera.sensor.calibration
        valid_matches = set()
        for proj in projections[camera]:
            track_id = proj.track_id
            point_id = point_ids[track_id]

            if point_id < 0:
                continue
            if not points[point_id].valid: #skipping invalid points
                continue
            valid_matches.add(point_id)
            tie_points[camera][point_id] = proj.coord
           
        camera_matches_valid[camera] = valid_matches
    valid = camera_matches_valid[camera1].intersection(camera_matches_valid[camera2])
   
    tie_point_output = list()
    for point_id in valid:
        tie_point_output.append((tie_points[camera1][point_id], tie_points[camera2][point_id]))
    if not len(tie_point_output):
        return None
    return tie_point_output

chunk = Metashape.app.document.chunk
project_path = Metashape.app.document.path
common_tiepoints = get_tie_points(chunk.cameras[0], chunk.cameras[1], chunk)

def save_tiepoints_to_csv(tiepoints):
    camera1 = chunk.cameras[0]
    camera2 = chunk.cameras[1]
    filename = f"{camera1.label}_{camera2.label}.csv"
    parent_dir = os.path.dirname(project_path)
    filepath = os.path.join(parent_dir, filename)
   
    if not filepath:
        return

    with open(filepath, 'w') as f:
        # write the tiepoints to the CSV file
        f.write('Camera1, DateTime1, x1, y1, Camera2, DateTime2, x2, y2\n')
        for tiepoint in tiepoints:
            x1, y1 = tiepoint[0]
            x2, y2 = tiepoint[1]
            camera1_datetime = chunk.cameras[0].photo.meta['Exif/DateTime']
            camera2_datetime = chunk.cameras[1].photo.meta['Exif/DateTime']
            f.write(f'{chunk.cameras[0].label},{camera1_datetime},{x1},{y1},{chunk.cameras[1].label},{camera2_datetime},{x2},{y2}\n')
                 
chunk = Metashape.app.document.chunk
common_tiepoints = get_tie_points(chunk.cameras[0], chunk.cameras[1], chunk)

if common_tiepoints:
    save_tiepoints_to_csv(common_tiepoints)
else:
    print("No common tiepoints found.")

I would also like to include the point ids and raw digital number/color for the grayscale band. Is that possible?
« Last Edit: April 11, 2023, 09:34:18 AM by xabierr »

Paulo

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Re: Extract the tie point positions (u and v)
« Reply #11 on: April 11, 2023, 06:58:22 PM »
xabier,

if you want the point_id you could just add it to the tie_point_output list tuple. Also you can add the point color (3 tuple RGB) using tracks[points[point_id].track_id].color as :
Code: [Select]
tie_point_output.append((point_id,tracks[points[point_id].track_id].color,tie_points[camera1][point_id], tie_points[camera2][point_id]))
and you would get following info in each tie_point_output
tie_point_output[-1] = (2047,  (149, 170, 185),  Vector([1587.5377197265625, 2149.742919921875]),  Vector([4565.5849609375, 2531.593505859375]))
                                   = (PointId,  Color(R, G, B),  Projected coordinates Camera1 Vector,  Projected coordinates Camera2 Vector)
Hope this can help
« Last Edit: April 12, 2023, 02:04:00 AM by Paulo »
Best Regards,
Paul Pelletier,
Surveyor

Alexey Pasumansky

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Re: Extract the tie point positions (u and v)
« Reply #12 on: April 14, 2023, 08:22:48 PM »
Hello xabierr,

Thank you for sharing the sample data.

It appears that access to non 8-bit RGB colors for the tie points is currently limited via Python API. We'll try to resolve this issue by some changes in next Python API versions, meanwhile I will try to suggest a workaround to solve your task.
Best regards,
Alexey Pasumansky,
Agisoft LLC

Alexey Pasumansky

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Re: Extract the tie point positions (u and v)
« Reply #13 on: May 03, 2023, 03:17:36 PM »
Hello xabierr,

In pre-release of 2.0.2 (build 16220) the issue with the non-RGB colors of tie points has been fixed:
https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/download.agisoft.com/metashape-pro_2_0_2_x64.msi
https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/download.agisoft.com/metashape-pro_2_0_2.dmg
https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/download.agisoft.com/metashape-pro_2_0_2_amd64.tar.gz

Please check, if your script works as expected now.

Note that to adapt the code from 1.8.5 to 2.0.2 you need to modify chunk.point_cloud to chunk.tie_points in your script.
Best regards,
Alexey Pasumansky,
Agisoft LLC

tkwasnitschka

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Re: Extract the tie point positions (u and v)
« Reply #14 on: June 28, 2023, 05:01:59 AM »
So how do I modify above script to copy the INVALID tie points among two images back to the project as markers? Ideally, with the full length of their tracks across the other photos they were detected in?

I found that
Code: [Select]
npoints = len(points)
returns an error whenever there are only invalid points, since npoints = 0. This is the case I need to fix so often!

On the other hand, commenting out conditions like:
Code: [Select]
if not points[point_index].valid:
continue
actually did not change the output of many of the examples I looked at (because npoints did not iterate through them?)

I have seen Paulo write invalid tie points to file, though - but how?

Not being able to select in the photo view, validate, and copy over tie points from photo to photo has been a BIG problem for us, for many years...
Please, Alexey, improve this part! :)
Cheers
Tom